Guides & legislation
On this page we bring you some useful guides and comment about the latest in lighting legislation.
Taking the hassle out of waste management
As waste management requirements become increasingly strict, anyone involved in the management of the lighting refurbishment project needs to ensure they are aware of the requirements, says Peter Hunt of Lumicom.
Clearly the priority for any lighting refurbishment project is to ensure that the system is designed properly and the products are installed correctly. Increasingly though the planning of any such project also needs to take account of disposal of lighting products that are removed. In fact, the disposal of end-of-life equipment is now an integral part of project management – not just for legislative compliance but also to meet the sustainability criteria of end clients.
As most lighting professionals will be aware by now, the main driver for this comes from the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive – and many will also be familiar with its basic requirements. However, that familiarity may be somewhat outdated as this Directive continues to evolve and to impose more rigorous collection and recycling targets.
This may feel like yet another administrative burden but on the positive side the Directive is making a significant reduction in the volume of lighting waste sent to landfill.
Currently, and up to the end of 2015, recycling targets will be based on a figure of 4kg per head of population. From the beginning of 2016 there will be a new method for setting recycling targets, based on taking a three-year average (2013 to 2015) of the amount of EEE placed on the market. This will then be divided by the population and, from the resulting figure, 45% will need to be recycled. This figure will increase to 65% in 2019.
With specific reference to lighting, from 1st January 2016 until 31st December 2018 there will be a requirement to re-use and recycle 55% of lighting products, other than gas discharge lamps and LED light sources. At least 80% of components, materials and substances from gas discharge lamps and LED light sources will need to be re-used and recycled. These figures are based on the average weight in tonnes of the equipment/lamps.
Another factor that writing specifiers may already have noticed – and if they haven’t, will do soon – is the increased level of detail demanded in tenders regarding the disposal of waste products. This is especially true of large companies and public sector organisations.
So, with many of these organisations now switching to energy-efficient LED lighting there are growing volumes of old luminaires being removed and these will need to be treated in accordance with the legislation.
There is also growing pressure for a faster turnaround of waste products, so this means that the lighting specification ensure the compliance scheme involved is able to deliver a speedy service. This is particularly true of the retail sector where refurbishment projects are now often carried out overnight so that no selling time is lost. Usually, these establishments do not have the space to store products until the waste contractor gets around to collecting them.
These issues mean that the lighting specifier has an opportunity to add value to the service that is provided to the client, by helping to ensure that all of the key elements are in place for compliant and straightforward waste management.
At the same time, specifiers clearly have plenty of other things to do with the time so they will not want to get involved in the detail, simply to ensure that the appropriate processes are in place.
The easiest way to do this when specifying new luminaires for a refurbishment project is to ensure that the supplier(s) being considered is/are members of a recognised PCS that has experience of dealing with end-of-life lighting products. In this way, disposal becomes straightforward, transparent, incurs no unanticipated costs and is fully auditable.
Lumicom – 0845 643 0304 – www.lumicom.co.uk
Nigel Harvey at Recolight gives us a Recycling update for our GREEN issue.
The UK Government has recently updated its position on the WEEE regulations, resulting in a shift in the UK WEEE landscape. Recent guidance issued by BIS has meant that Producers are now required to report their electrical equipment, including lamps and luminaires, in a different way.
In 2012, the European Union (EU) published the WEEE Directive Recast in an attempt to improve recycling rates throughout Europe. EU member states were allowed 18 months to implement these changes.
The UK Government published the changes in December 2013, implementing them in January 2014.
The legislation applies to companies that do any of the following:
Manufacture and sell Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) under their own brand
Resell equipment produced by other suppliers under their own brand
Import EEE on a professional basis into an EU Member State
To comply with the regulations, companies that put more than five tonnes of EEE onto the UK market in a year are required to register with a Producer Compliance Scheme (PCS), or risk prosecution. Companies that put less than five tonnes of EEE onto the UK market can register directly with the Environment Agency as a small Producer.
The PCS recycles any waste for which its producer members are responsible, in an environmentally sound manner.
Companies are required to declare the tonnage of EEE that is classified as household or as non-household.
PCSs are required to report on the amount of household equipment their Producer members supply to the market.
Companies that need to comply with the UK’s WEEE regulations must now also apply the new “dual use” classification, detailed below.
Following the implementation of the WEEE recast, the UK Government applied further changes to the interpretation of the WEEE regulations in October 2014, putting into effect ‘dual use’. In February 2015, the Government published the dual use guidelines for WEEE, which altered the way in which Producers should declare their products. Under the new guidelines, products which, by design, are intended exclusively for business use are to be classified as B2B, while products sold to businesses that could be utilised by both businesses and consumers (dual use) should be classified as B2C.
Within the new guidelines, examples are provided to give guidance on how products should be classified. In the case of lamps, the guidance states: “Classify as B2C gas discharge lamps, LED light sources (lamps) and sodium lamps (includes retrofit and non-retrofit lamps). Classify as B2B floodlights for stadiums and lamps used in cinema projectors.”
As a result of the new guidelines, Producers must now classify a product either as B2C or B2B, an adjustment from the former system, in which it was possible to record a share of a product as B2B or B2C. Moreover, B2C data must be declared on a quarterly basis and it is vital that Producers who sell B2C lamps submit their data promptly to their PCS. Failure to do so might result in the Environment Agency taking action against them. It is important to note that dual use luminaires sold to businesses, which were previously in scope of the regulations, are now outside the scope until 2019.
The Government sets a national recycling target for each category of WEEE on an annual basis. In 2014, the national target for lamps was 840 tonnes, although this was exceeded, with an actual collection of 1,933 tonnes, resulting from dual use classification of WEEE lamps.
Consequently, BIS set a lamp collection target for 2015 that took into consideration the dual use classification. This target is significantly higher than that of 2014, at 2,680 tonnes. The 2016 target is expected to be even higher still.
The inclusion of LED lamps in the Gas Discharge Lamps category heavily influenced 2014’s recycling rate. Recently published data for 2014, shows that the UK had a lamp recycling rate of 29%, down from 53% in 2013. The change in legislation is responsible for this, as for the first time the data includes LED lamps alongside Gas Discharge Lamps. Since large quantities of LEDs have been put on the market but with very few returned yet as WEEE, the inclusion of LEDs in the calculations has reduced the recycling rate significantly.
Sales of integrated LED luminaires are now very widespread. As a result, the supply of new LED integrated fittings creates two separate waste streams – waste lamps and waste traditional luminaires. As a consequence, many more specifiers of large scale LED luminaire roll-out projects now require proper recycling of both the lamps and luminaires. Recolight can provide its members with a unique integrated waste lamp and luminaire collection service to respond to this need.
By joining Recolight, the specialist lighting industry compliance scheme, Producershave access to a comprehensive service which meets members’ legal obligations. Recolight offers an integrated lamp and luminaire recycling service, and has recycled more lamps, luminaires and LEDs than all other UK compliance schemes put together.
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